The Feast of Pentecost: A Christian Holy Day

What is the Feast of Pentecost, and what does it have to do with Christianity? Many Christians may be familiar with Pentecost, especially with story in Acts about the Apostles speaking in tongues. It may come as a surprise however, to learn that Pentecost (Greek Pentēkostē) is actually an Old Testament Holy Day. In Hebrew, we get the name shavuot, meaning “week”, as in the seven weeks which are to be counted to shavuot. Leviticus 23:15-16 is the first mention of the Feast of Shavuot, where God commands “seven complete” Sabbaths (or seven full weeks) when a wave-sheaf offering is given to the Lord. Interestingly enough, this Old Testament Festival of Shavuot was all about Jesus, just as the New Testament Feast Day of Pentecost was all about Christ as well, yet few Christians celebrate this joyous occasion. Learn how this Feast Day of the LORD is still relevant today…

Feast of Pentecost

Shavuot (Pentecost): The Gifts of Torah & the Holy Spirit

Shavuot (Pentecost): Gifts of Torah & the Holy Spirit

Almost 3500 years ago, our Heavenly Father unveiled the “Eseret D’varim” (the “Ten Commandments,” but more literally, the “Ten Sayings”) to the people of Israel. Passover begins as the 14th of Abib (Nisan) is turning into the 15th of Abib at sunset. Abib (Nisan) is the first month on the sacred calendar of Leviticus 23. “In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.” The third month on the sacred calendar is Sivan, roughly equivalent to late May to early June.
Feast of Pentecost in the Old and New Testament

The Feast of Pentecost in the Old and New Testament

The term “Pentecost” is not found in the Old Testament. The feast was variously called the “Feast of Weeks” (Ex 34:22; Deut 16:9-10), because it was celebrated seven weeks after the offering of the barley sheaf; the “Feast of the Harvest” (Ex 23:16), because it came at the end of the wheat harvest; and the “Feast of the First Fruits” (Ex 34:22; Num 28:26), because it marked the beginning of the time the first fruits of the wheat harvest were offered at the Temple.
Pentecost Shavuot and the Feast of Weeks

Pentecost/Shavuot and the Feast of Weeks

Beginning during the season of Passover and Unleavened Bread is a counting of weeks to the Festival of Weeks: “You shall also count for yourselves from the day after the sabbath, from the day when you brought in the sheaf of the wave offering; there shall be seven complete Sabbaths [seven full weeks, RSV, NIV, CJB, ESV, et. al.]. You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh sabbath; then you shall present a new grain offering to the LORD…On this same day you shall make a proclamation as well; you are to have a holy convocation. You shall do no laborious work. It is to be a perpetual statute in all your dwelling places throughout your generations” (Leviticus 23:15-16, 21).
50 Days to Pentecost by Ronald L. Dart

50 Days to Pentecost

Now when you understand what Pentecost is, it is a wonder it isn't a much bigger thing among Christians. Pentecost was the day, when the Holy Spirit was poured out in power on the early Church. It was the day they baptized 3,000 people in one day (Acts 2:41), I don't think the Church has done that since. It has been called the birthday of the Church and you would think it would be celebrated in fine style. But for most of liberal Protestant Christianity it passes unnoticed.
Is Pentecost a Christian Holy Day?

Is Pentecost a Christian Holy Day?

Of all of the Christian holidays, the one that surprises me the most, is Pentecost. What surprises me is that every Christian doesn't throw a big celebration on Pentecost. After all it is the birthday of the New Testament church. It is the day that the Holy Spirit fell on the church in power. You would think that if the churches were going to celebrate anything, they would have an important anniversary every year at Pentecost, On the other hand, it is a fact, that more than half of all Christendom does observe Pentecost. You may not know this, but for most people in this country, Pentecost passes without anybody knowing it was there.
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